Journal of Materials Research and Technology Journal of Materials Research and Technology
J Mater Res Technol 2018;7:366-70 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2018.06.005
Original Article
Ferrite content meter analysis for delta ferrite evaluation in superduplex stainless steel
Cesar G. Camerinia,, , Vitor Manoel A. Silvaa, Iane A. Soaresa, Rafael Wagner F. Santosb, Julio Endress Ramosb, João Marcio C. Santosb, Gabriela Ribeiro Pereiraa
a Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Laboratory of Non Destructive Testing, Corrosion and Welding - COPPE/UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
b CENPES – PETROBRAS Research Centre, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Received 20 November 2017, Accepted 10 June 2018
Abstract

Superduplex stainless steel is a widely used material in many industrial areas, due to its significant properties in terms of mechanical and corrosion resistance. In order to guarantee the quality of these steels, the ferrite evaluation is an important analysis since many properties depend on the control of the ferrite content. During equipment manufacturing or field inspections, the most conventional way to evaluate the ferrite content is through ferritoscope measurements, due to its portability and easy interpretation. However, it has been observed that the calibration pattern used for ferritoscope calibration can lead to inaccurate ferrite quantification in superduplex inspection. In order to analyze this influence, different characterization techniques were performed in superduplex samples, such as optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and vibrating sample magnetometer, to compare with the measurements obtained by a ferritoscope. It was concluded that for high ferrite values, with the calibration made from the calibration pattern provided by the ferritoscope manufacturers, the ferrite values measured showed significant deviations from the real values. The current work presents a solution for using the ferritoscope for a more accurate quantification of the ferrite content in superduplex stainless steels.

Keywords
Superduplex stainless steel, Ferrite content meter, Calibration procedures, X-ray diffraction
J Mater Res Technol 2018;7:366-70 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2018.06.005
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