Journal of Materials Research and Technology Journal of Materials Research and Technology
J Mater Res Technol 2018;7:204-11 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2017.05.011
Original Article
Synthesis and enhanced visible-light activity of N-doped TiO2 nano-additives applied over cotton textiles
Elham Katoueizadeh, Seyed Mojtaba Zebarjad, , Kamal Janghorban
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7194685115, Iran
Received 04 December 2016, Accepted 20 May 2017
Abstract

To provide photocatalytic textiles, application of TiO2 nanoparticles by surface modifications during the manufacturing process is known as a reliable choice. In this study, nitrogen-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by sol–gel route at two different water/triethylamine ratios and applied to the textiles which provides photocatalytic properties that unlike the conventional photocatalytic textiles, does not necessarily need UV radiations of high energy photons. N-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were coated over textiles during the synthesizing process. Microstructure and morphology of synthesized N-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were evaluated by XRD, PSA and SEM/EDS analysis. The results of XRD analysis indicated that the amorphous phase transformed slightly into an anatase crystallite without calcination at high temperature. The morphology confirmed that doping process had significant effect on the appearance of the synthesized nanoparticles and implied the effect of the presence of the N-doped source material on the morphology. The PSA analysis showed narrow distribution of about 15nm for diameter of synthesized N-doped TiO2 nanoparticles. According to UV–vis spectra, the band gap energy was measured 2.98eV which exhibits high absorption in visible light range due to its low band gap energy. The results show that adding nitrogen increases the absorption wavelength of the N-doped TiO2 nanoparticles and N-doped TiO2 coated textiles shows super hydrophilic behavior examined by DSA analysis. The photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) over textiles was investigated under UV-radiation, visible light and dark conditions. Super-hydrophilicity and methylene blue photodegradation properties with the most homogenous nanoparticle distribution over textiles were achieved without utilization of UV radiation.

Keywords
Sol–gel method, N-doped TiO2, Visible-light, Cotton textiles
J Mater Res Technol 2018;7:204-11 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2017.05.011
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